Follow here how the update of the previous law of 2007 has important impacts on the lives of all of us Brazilians.
(Glauco Cisz – Engineering and Sales)
A Federal Law No. 14.026, sanctioned in June 2020, came to update an existing law called Marco Legal do Saneamento (Law No. of water and sewage.
The main goal of what has been called the new Sanitation Legal Framework is the universalization of water and sewage services, in order to ensure that 99% of the population has access to drinking water and 90% to sewage collection and treatment by December 2033.
More than necessary, such regulation and consequent investments will reflect a very significant environmental advance and with impacts that go far beyond public health.
The lack of sanitation is directly related to several diseases such as dengue, leptospirosis, hepatitis A, cholera, giardiasis, amebiasis, schistosomiasis and many others that will not only interfere with health. Think of the low school performance of students due to missed classes or the financial impact of those who will not be able to work because they have been affected by such illnesses.
Still, as (in)direct damage to the lack of sanitation, it is possible to mention the contamination of the soil and water of rivers, lakes and oceans, the worsening of floods in periods of floods and also the commitment of tourist activities and the income generated by them in coastal areas and seaside resorts.
Not good, is it?
Understood that the law is totally relevant, we find, however, a critical point. Considering the current situation in which the country finds itself in this regard, meeting the requirements by the year 2033 will be quite challenging!
According to a report issued in 2022 by the Treat Brazil Institute, 35 million Brazilians still do not have access to treated water and that only 50% of the country's sewage is treated.
To get an idea of the size of this problem, understand that every day approximately 13,2 billion liters of waste are dumped into nature. That's right, 13,2 BILLION! There are more than 5,5 Olympic-size swimming pools of untreated sewage daily dumped into nature.
Shocking, isn't it? Not to mention the lack of uniformity between the different regions of the Brazilian territory! Check it out:
In a ranking released by the same institute focusing on the 100 largest Brazilian municipalities, it was possible to verify that:
- The top 20 have already reached the targets set by the Sanitation Framework regarding water supply and sewage collection (99,75% and 97,96% respectively); It is
- The worst 20 have an average of 82,5% for drinking water and close to 32% for sewage treatment.
If we analyze the reason for this discrepancy, we find differences of up to 3 times in investments in sanitation per inhabitant at the extremes of the list and indices of volumetric losses in the distribution of treated water also 3 times greater in the municipalities in the last positions of the ranking.
Were you curious to know how the average rates of access to water and sewage collection and treatment are in the country as a whole? Are you prepared? So there you go!
According to the indicators of the National Sanitation Information System (SNIS) published by the Ministry of Cities in 2021:
- Access to water in the country as a whole is at 84,2% (the target is 99%); It is
- Sewage collection and treatment are at 55,8 and 51,2% respectively (the target for both is 90%).
In fact, these numbers show that we still have a lot to evolve in the next decade to meet this challenge!
For this to happen, the new Marco instituted the creation of the National Water and Basic Sanitation Agency (ANA), with the objective of regulating, at the federal level, the use of water resources. ANA's main actions are related to creating quality standards, tariff regulation, progressive reduction of the volume of losses, reuse of treated sanitary effluents, among other attributions necessary for the smooth running of the improvement plan and achievement of goals.
The most important thing that has already been said about the Sanitation Framework is that this is a path of no return. And so we hope it is, after all it is about public health, isn't it?!
It is not possible to imagine Brazil without a consistent evolution in sanitation services, where the money invested in this sector will certainly return to the public coffers with the reduction of public health expenses, improvement of children's school performance and an increase in our tourist potential.
We here at FAMAC are prepared to meet the demands of the sector with regard to pumping solutions dedicated to this segment.
Featured for a line of submersible motor pumps from the FBS-NG family, designed to pump fluids such as clean water, wastewater, light or raw sewage and industrial waste with solids up to 80 mm.
Built in cast iron and protected with epoxy paint in electrostatic painting, they are robust pumps, resistant to knocks and abrasion in demanding applications.
Equipped with a vortex rotor in the 0,5 and 1,0hp versions and a semi-open rotor in the other versions up to 10,0hp, they achieve excellent performance, even in the presence of suspended solids. Soon the line will feature models up to 30hp in versions with passages of solids and in shredders.
The engines of these versions of the FBS-NG line are assembled without oil, an innovative practice in Brazil, which puts FAMAC in line with environmental trends and the challenges assumed with the Sanitation Framework.
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